Dating cultures around world
Sometimes "culture" is also used to describe specific practices within a subgroup of a society, a subculture (e.g. Within cultural anthropology, the ideology and analytical stance of cultural relativism holds that cultures cannot easily be objectively ranked or evaluated because any evaluation is necessarily situated within the value system of a given culture.using an agricultural metaphor for the development of a philosophical soul, understood teleologically as the highest possible ideal for human development.Diffusion of innovations theory presents a research-based model of why and when individuals and cultures adopt new ideas, practices, and products.Acculturation has different meanings, but in this context it refers to replacement of the traits of one culture with those of another, such as what happened to certain Native American tribes and to many indigenous peoples across the globe during the process of colonization.In common parlance, culture is often used to refer specifically to the symbolic markers used by ethnic groups to distinguish themselves visibly from each other such as body modification, clothing or jewelry.Mass culture refers to the mass-produced and mass mediated forms of consumer culture that emerged in the 20th century.
Cultural invention has come to mean any innovation that is new and found to be useful to a group of people and expressed in their behavior but which does not exist as a physical object.Some schools of philosophy, such as Marxism and critical theory, have argued that culture is often used politically as a tool of the elites to manipulate the lower classes and create a false consciousness, and such perspectives are common in the discipline of cultural studies.In the wider social sciences, the theoretical perspective of cultural materialism holds that human symbolic culture arises from the material conditions of human life, as humans create the conditions for physical survival, and that the basis of culture is found in evolved biological dispositions.War or competition over resources may impact technological development or social dynamics.
Additionally, cultural ideas may transfer from one society to another, through diffusion or acculturation.Humanity is in a global "accelerating culture change period," driven by the expansion of international commerce, the mass media, and above all, the human population explosion, among other factors.